Hogeschool Rotterdam Willem de Kooning Academie

Piet Zwart Institute

Piet Zwart Institute

MIARD 2021 Alumni Rachel Refael, Milena Sekulić and Gavin Oliver O’Leary have received the Architecture Grant Scheme from Stimuleringsfonds.

“Refael argues that our cities are faced with a progressive marginalization of sex-related places in the city. This is pushing queer culture and the sex work industry to the outskirts of the city, with gentrification happening in the Old Town. Through several personal interactions, the project aims to demonstrate the necessity of Red-Light Districts within cities in providing a platform for the people who depend on them. The research uses field research, mapping techniques and interviews to arrive at an extensive written and visual document. The focus is on three types of spaces: The Ball Room, The Brothel and The Sex Shop. For the project, Rachel Refael is collaborating with Milena Sekulić and Gavin Oliver O’Leary.”

“The proposal clearly describes how certain places that have a representative value to marginalized groups within society are slowly disappearing from the urban fabric, limiting their freedom of movement and putting them at risk of social isolation. This mapping gives one of these groups a voice and leaves room for a special polyphony that is of added value to the current debate about the city. The committee finds it interesting that the applicants themselves do not have a background in architecture, which means that a fresh perspective can be offered.”

The Architecture Grant Scheme supports projects that contribute to the quality, development, or understanding of the field of architecture.

https://www.stimuleringsfonds.nl/en/grants/architecture-grant-scheme

MIARD 2021 Alumni Rachel Refael, Milena Sekulić and Gavin Oliver O’Leary have received the Architecture Grant Scheme from... Lees verder

date: Friday 25 March, 18:00 – 21:00

location: Page Not FoundBoekhorststraat 126, Den Haag 

Page Not Found and the Master Experimental Publishing (XPUB) at the Piet Zwart Institute,Willem de Kooning Academy,invite you to the launch of the Special Issue #17 “This Box Found You For A Reason”.Under the guidance of artist Lídia Pereira and the XPUB staff, the master students explored how (video) games features are making us more, not less, productive. Life and work are ‘gamified’ through social media, dating apps, and fitness apps designed to increase motivation and productivity. Gamification blurs the lines between play, leisure and labour, to release our collective dopamine for profit. Games in themselves often perform a reproductive role, presenting capitalism as a system of natural laws, exemplified by in-game predatory monetisation schemes. On the other hand, games provide necessary down time and relaxation, helping people function in a largely dysfunctional economy and society. Yet leisure remains a contested space which is still unequally distributed, between genders, ethnicities and abilities. The form of the publication reworks the figure of the loot box, a typically virtual and predatory monetization scheme.The launch features presentations by the XPUB students and a discussion with Sepp Eckenhaussen & Koen Bartijn from Platform BK ( https://platformbk.nl ) who take the economics of the publication as entry point into larger questions of how the labour of artists and designers is valued and what structures, guidelines and policies can help (small scale) institutions ensure that these practices remain sustainable.This is a free event.The publication is co-published by Page Not Found and XPUB, and made by Ål Nik (Alexandra Nikolova), Carmen Gray, Chaeyoung Kim, Emma Prato, Erica Gargaglione, Francesco Luzzana, Gersande Schellinx, Jian Haake, Kimberley Cosmilla, Miriam Schöb, Mitsa Chaida and Supisara Burapachaisri. https://page-not-found.nlhttps://issue.xpub.nl/17/FB event link: https://fb.me/e/1zCMrO0NM

date: Friday 25 March, 18:00 – 21:00 location: Page Not FoundBoekhorststraat 126, Den Haag  Page Not Found and the Master... Lees verder

Call for ParticipationWe are pleased to invite you to take part in the reading group Co-respond: Bodies, Voices, Spaces in Art Education (March – June 2022), which is set up as part of an ongoing collaboration between the MA Education in Arts / PZI and the MA Art Education at Zurich University of the Arts.

The reading group, hosted by Irina Shapiro (PZI) and Jules Sturm (ZdHK), will comprise a regular series of hybrid physical and screen-based encounters in which participants discuss themes like embodied learning, material sense-making, hybrid corporeal-digital practices, educative gardening and transformative pedagogies. Within these gatherings, correspondence is both a theme and an approach. It is a concept embraced for its summoning of the relational, in the sense of how one thing connects or corresponds to another, or how one group of people connects to another. It is also used quite simply as a form, where conversations slowly unfold through the act of letter writing or other communicative exchanges. Reading in this context is understood as an act of engaging with texts and sites through observations and listening practices, bodily driven cartographies, and more.

The reading group serves as a testing place for emerging art educators’ pedagogical ideas and gestures affiliated with the proposed theme, and intends to share and rehearse practices in co-engaged art education. The reading group is the starting point of a larger series of events organized by the MA Education in Arts at Piet Zwart Institute under the same title.

For Whom? Students (Master level), alumni*ae, teachers and others who are professionally interested and/or affiliated with the community and network of this collaborative initiative.

How to participate? The sessions are scheduled on Thursday evenings from 18:00 until 20:00 on the following dates: March 17, March 31, April 28, May 19, June 23. Participation is free of charge. There are two possible ways of participating: 1) as a contributor 2) as an attendee. Contributors can propose and organize guest presenters, put forward their own ideas, and/or develop a specific format for one of the sessions. A budget will be available for invited guests and production costs.

Please send a short motivational letter to Sun Chang, correspondingarteducation@gmail.com, in which you briefly introduce yourself and tell us about your reasons for participating in the reading group. Deadline for submission is March 11.

Call for ParticipationWe are pleased to invite you to take part in the reading group Co-respond: Bodies, Voices, Spaces in Art Education (March... Lees verder

Lens-Based Media will welcome prospective students to an online Q&A session on Tuesday 14th of March. 

The following is the schedule for the two sessions:

11:00 CET Rotterdam / 13:00 Nairobi, Kenia / 19:00 Tokyo, Japan16:00 CET Rotterdam / 10:00 New York, Bogota / 09:00 Mexico City

Should you like to join one of these sessions, please send an email with the title “LB OPEN DAY – 11:00 CET” or “LB OPEN DAY – 16:00 CET” to r.nisio@hr.nl

For general questions about the course, please send an email to: roblj@hr.nl

Lens-Based Media will welcome prospective students to an online Q&A session on Tuesday 14th of March.  The following is the schedule... Lees verder

WdKA/PZI Master Design – Expertlezing Bas Kortmann & Yosser DekkerWanneer: dinsdag 22 februari 2022 – 17.30-18.30 uur

Locatie: Wijnhaven 61, WH 4.139

Taal: Nederlands

In zijn design research onderzoekt ruimtelijk ontwerper en theatermaker Bas Kortmann (o.a. theatergroep Powerboat) hoe sociale interactie kan worden uitgelokt, begrepen, geleid en ondersteund door de toepassing van een dramaturgisch perspectief. PULSE, in het Engels: provoke, understand, lead, support and expand.

Kortmann nodigt Dekker, oprichter en artistiek directeur van Bureau Ruimtekoers, uit om te vertellen hoe hij zijn maatschappelijke projecten regisseert en vormgeeft, en waarom dit belangrijk is in zijn praktijk.

Dekker is een programmamaker, die samen met de stad en haar inwoners nieuwe verhalen creëert. Als design researcher ontwikkelt hij concepten en modellen waarmee hij diverse doelgroepen d.m.v. kunst en participatie betrekt bij maatschappelijke thema’s en uitdagingen. Hij initieerde het festival Ruimtekoers, richtte een academie op en runt een platform van makers die willen bijdragen aan rechtvaardige buurten, wijken, dorpen en steden.

Door Dekkers open houding, inlevingsvermogen en vermogen goed te luisteren, dringt hij snel door in de haarvaten van de gemeenschap en enthousiasmeert hij mensen om mee te doen. Vanuit zijn technische achtergrond en ervaring als projectleider weet hij complexe trajecten snel vorm te geven en te realiseren vanuit het menselijke aspect. Mensen met verschillende achtergronden verbinden en met creatieve concepten duurzaam draagvlak creëren is hem op het lijf geschreven. Maar hoe doet hij dit?

Samen onderzoeken Kortmann en Dekker hoe sociale interactie en participatie geregisseerd kunnen worden. Hoe provoceert en start je participatieve projecten, en hoe onderzoekt en begrijpt je de behoeften en kwaliteiten van de participanten? Is het mogelijk om een ​​project te leiden en te sturen, maar toch een gevoel van eigenaarschap bij de deelnemers te ontwikkelen? Daarover gaat deze expertlezing, waarin het publiek ook deelneemt.­­­

https://bureauruimtekoers.nl/

https://www.powerboat-rotterdam.nl

Credits image: Ruimtekoers, Festival Zonnestof (Arnhem 2020)

WdKA/PZI Master Design – Expertlezing Bas Kortmann & Yosser DekkerWanneer: dinsdag 22 februari 2022 – 17.30-18.30 uur Locatie:... Lees verder

Online Open Day 2022

Online Open Day Piet Zwart InstituteSaturday February 12, 2022Join us for the Piet Zwart Institute Online Open Day. Below you will find more specific information per Master Program, the times and their online programming during the day.The Piet Zwart Institute houses four full-time Master programmes, Interior Architecture: Research + Design (MIARD); Master of Arts in Fine Art and Design, which encompasses Fine Art (MFA) Lens-Based Media (LB) and Experimental Publishing (XPUB) and two part-time Master programmes, Education in Arts (MeiA) and Master Design.Please note additional dates:

As the 12th of February coincides with the Lens-Based staff and students’ participation in the Research Lab Screenings at the EYE Film Museum in Amsterdam, Lens-Based Media will welcome prospective students to an online Q&A session on Tuesday 15th of February. See below for details.

In addition to this Online Open Day we would like to offer students the opportunity to still get a taste of the academy. Therefore we organize IRL tours through the buildings (Wijnhaven and Kareldoormanhof) on Wednesday, February 16 and our current students will show you our Stations, studios and other facilities. If you’re interested in joining one of these tours, please send an email to pzwart-info@hr.nl.

Master Interior Architecture: Research + Design, MIARD13.00 – 15.00 hr (CET)Location: OnlineZoom Link:https://hogeschoolrotterdam.zoom.us/j/94094897922?pwd=YU43WkZCQkd2MllIRU02NVhnajBPQT09Meeting ID: 940 9489 7922Passcode: 400302 

Our Open Day this year is online. During our virtual gathering you will get a chance to learn more about the program and speak directly with members of the staff, students, and alumni. Please let us know if you will join the online session. Send us an email at z.hupkes@hr.nl to confirm your attendance by February 10. 

To know more about us, you can visit our online MIARD Archive to see the work of our students and alumni, review the recent program announcements and see a list of the exhibitions and publications, here. You can visit the Piet Zwart Institute and Willem de Kooning Academy websites for further information on the program and institutes. 

If you are not able to attend on February 12, email us to schedule an online or in-person meeting. If you would like to visit and meet members of the program in-person, send us an email to make an appointment. 

Building Tour: Wednesday, February 16. 

We look forward to seeing you soon,On behalf of the MIARD community 

Experimental Publishing11.00 – 16.00 hr (CET)Location: Online

XPUB will have two open day moments, both with the same structure; select the time that best fits your timezone.

The first session will be a 11:00 CET and the second at 16:00 CET.

Set-up:

After a short introduction to the course (15 mins), you can move between three breakout rooms where you can ask: (A) administrative questions, (B) questions to teachers in the course, (C) and to meet and ask questions with current students (45 mins).

For more information and online links: join us here: https://pad.xpub.nl/p/openday

Lens-Based Media

We warmly welcome you to take part in the Master Fine Art & Design: Lens-Based Media – online Open Day to find out more about our program. Course director and tutors will give a presentation about the course and afterwards there will be time for an elaborate, informal Q&A with staff and students.

Please note: the 12th of February coincides with the Lens-Based staff and students’ participation in the Research Lab Screenings at the EYE Film Museum in Amsterdam (for information about the event, please visit: https://www.eyefilm.nl/en/programme/researchlabs/332056).

The Lens-Based Media program will therefore welcome prospective students to an online Q&A session on Tuesday 15th of February.

We will have two open day moments, both with the same structure.

LB OPEN DAY ZOOM Q&A SESSION

11:00 CET [reaching out to European – African and Asian timezones]

LB OPEN DAY ZOOM Q&A SESSION

16:00 CET [for the Americas].

Should you like to join one of these sessions, please send an email to r.nisio@hr.nl

with the title: LB OPEN DAY – 11:00 CET or LB OPEN DAY – 16:00 CET.

For general questions about the course please send an email to: roblj@hr.nl

Master Fine Art11.00 – 14.00 hr (CET)ZOOM link:

https://hogeschoolrotterdam.zoom.us/j/96064701360Schedule11:00-11:45  Danny Giles, course director of Fine Art, presents on program (focus on curriculum structure)12:00-12:45 Federica Bueti & Bernd Krauss (tutors on the course)13:00- 13:45 Cannach MacBride & Katarina Zjedlar (tutors on the course

Building Tour: Wednesday, February 16. Tour will start at 12.00hr. and will take up until 13.00hr. Please sign up via pzwart-info@hr.nl before Tuesday February 15, 16.00hr.

MA Education in Arts (Research in Art and Design Education and Collective Practices)11.00 – 12.30 hr (CET)Location: OnlineWe warmly welcome you to take part in the MA Education in Arts – on line Open Day to find out more about our program! Course director and tutors will give a presentation about the course and afterwards there is time for an elaborate, informal Q & A with staff and students. Additionally, there is an opportunity to visit the program at location during our Open Information Meeting at March 11.Please subscribe before Friday 11 February via the email: demsm@hr.nl. We kindly ask you to provide us your name, background (discipline) and a short description of what interests you in our master program. Zoom link will be send after subscription and published on the website a few days beforehand. We encourage everyone to subscribe.

Please find below the zoom link for the meeting:

Join Zoom Meetinghttps://hogeschoolrotterdam.zoom.us/j/91998600339?pwd=OWlNMGZJdlcwcnNFSGVnMUdxeWoxZz09

Meeting ID: 919 9860 0339Passcode: 971655

To learn more please visit: www.pzwart.nl/master-education-in-arts/. Can’t attend? Visit one of our other Open Information Meetings > www.pzwart.nl/master-education-in-arts/open-information-meetings/

Master Design11.30 am – 13.30 pmLocation: Online

>Zoomhttps://hogeschoolrotterdam.zoom.us/j/99782578448?pwd=OVZOWGNhMjZXY3hnRGxqN2FRTjJMQT09

Meeting ID: 997 8257 8448Passcode: 635116

>Sign up for our Open Day by sending an email to wdka.masterdesign@hr.nl

Based on their own design questions, students within the Master Design learn to do designerly and in-depth design research. They constantly reflect on what they discover and convey their work and expertise through storytelling. They combine and integrate this part-time master with their design practice, renew their own role and in this way that of creative professionals in society and organizations. They contribute to social, environmental and technological change. The combination of participatory work and authorship is fundamental.

Join us in our online Open Day to find out more on our course and get your questions answered.

11.30 am – 12.15 pm > Information on the Master Design and questions in general12.15 pm – 12.45 pm > Student work and experiences12.45 pm – 13.15 pm > Talk about the type of project you would want to do within the Master Design13.15 pm – 13.30 pm > Round up and invitation to come to our Preliminary Workshops

And for information in general: https://www.wdka.nl/programmes/master-design

NB We also participate in the Wdka Student Talk Week with a general Master Talk, Thursday 3 February,  19:00-20:00 pm: https://www.wdka.nl/news-events/student-talk-week

Online Open Day 2022

Online Open Day Piet Zwart InstituteSaturday February 12, 2022Join us for the Piet Zwart Institute Online Open Day. Below you will find more... Lees verder

Application deadline: March 16, apply here.Open Day online: February 12, visit here for details.

MIARD is an international Master program with a focus on practice-led research. We teach our students to look beyond disciplinary norms with a critical, imaginative and multidisciplinary approach to their work to gain a better understanding of the complex issues surrounding their field of practice. Interior Architects are faced with new realities, technologies and socio-political, environmental and economic challenges; consequently, the practice of the designer needs to expand, react and set future forms. At MIARD, design as research is viewed as multidimensional, circulating along numerous pathways and scales, from the local to the global, from objects to architecture and beyond. Our proactive approach to education creates a sense of openness, possibility and intellectual rigor.

Students develop their practice-led research with critically reflective, theoretical and historical discourse. The curriculum is multidisciplinary, designed with a distinguished community of international staff from diverse backgrounds who share and combine their expertise and resources. It’s imagined holistically with corresponding modules: Thematic Design Projects, Critical Strategies, Multiple Media and the Graduation Project. To further enrich a student’s professional experience and network, the program emphasizes the concept of making public. We actively exhibit and promote student work, participate in professional events and organize external collaborations.

Digital archive: Visit our online archive to learn more about the program and the projects—including the awards, scholarships, publications, exhibitions, and professional collaborations of our students and alumni.

Piet Zwart Institute houses the international Master programs of the Willem de Kooning Academy, Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences. The institute is named after the pioneering Dutch designer, Piet Zwart, who worked experimentally across media and contexts. It offers a rich combination of in-depth specialization and interdisciplinary exchange within an intimate learning environment.

Staff 2021–22: Alex Augusto Suárez (course director, architect, educator), Golnar Abbasi (artist, architect, researcher), Andrea Bagnato (architect, editor), Cookies, Federico Martelli & Clément Périssé (architects, designers, researchers), Daphne Heemskerk (graphic designer), Kris Dittel (curator, editor, writer), Ephraim Joris (architect, tutor), Studio Ossidiana, Alessandra Covini & Giovanni Bellotti (architects, designers, researchers), Olivier Otten (interaction designer).

Recent guests, speakers & studio visits:Aristide Antonas, Alessandro Bava, Arna Mačkić, Ameneh Solati, Bastiaan de Nennie, Bikvanderpol, Cooking Sections, Counterspace, Chris Kabel, Dima Srouji, Erik Rietveld, Ethel Baraona Pohl, Formafantasma, Gabriel Lester, Giuseppe Licari, Hilary Sample, Ivan Lopez Munuera, Irene Sunwoo, JODI, Kirsten Algera, Koehorst in t’veld, Kuehn Malvezzi, Lois Weinthal, Luca Moscelli, Marina Otero Verzier, Mark Wigley, Michiel van Iersel, Moad Musbahi, Natasha Marie Llorens, Niels Schrader, Nick Axel, Noman Studio, OS&OOS, Penny Sparks, Point Supreme, Rachaporn Choochuey, Rafaël Rozendaal, Random Studio, Riet Eeckhout, Shumi Bose, Simone C. Niquille, Studio Folder, Studio Truly Truly, Space Popular, Suzie Attiwill, Tamar Shafrir, Team Thursday, Tijs Gilde, Tomas Saraceno.

Application deadline: March 16, apply here.Open Day online: February 12, visit here for details. MIARD is an... Lees verder

Deadlines:March 16, 2022: Priority deadline for completed applications of Dutch and EU applicants. Final deadline NON EU applicants.April 28, 2022: Final deadline for completed applications of Dutch and EU applicants.

Research in Art & Design Education and Community Practices

What is the significance of material practices and embodiment for artistic research and education in the current era of social distancing and digital conferencing? How can we develop an art-driven, interdisciplinary pedagogy within secondary education? What are the main challenges when it comes to forging transdisciplinary connections between the arts and sciences in education? How do we look at art mediation from the perspective of sustainability and diversity? How do pivotal topics in our current circumstances – like the climate crisis, intersectionality and decolonialization – influence our view on education in the future? Would you like to do in-depth research on a question of your own choosing within a collective learning community? If so, the Master of Education in Arts at the Piet Zwart Institute in Rotterdam, might be something for you.

The Master of Education in Arts admission committee reviews applications, interviews, and accepts candidates on a rolling basis from February 2022 to April 2022, until all positions in the cohorts are filled. We strongly encourage you to apply early and to attend our February 12, 2022 Open Day, or one of our Open Information Meetings. Information & how to sign up you can find here.

Application procedurePlease use our online application tool if you wish to apply. Please check all the requirements here. For questions (content wise) about the application procedure, please contact us via:E-mail: demsm@hr.nl. For more information, please consult: https://www.pzwart.nl/master-education-in-arts/apply/

Credits images: Photo by Michael van der Beijl (work by Darly Banneker), Lisanne Janssen, Diogo Rinaldi and Urte Baranauskaite.

Deadlines:March 16, 2022: Priority deadline for completed applications of Dutch and EU applicants. Final deadline NON... Lees verder

Double publication launch: Learning How to Walk While Catwalking [XUB] and Vernaculars come to matter [Varia]

Program: Friday 17 December 2021:13:00-17:00 [in person @ Varia, Rotterdam] & [online, EVENT-MODE]  16:00-17:00 [online] Q&A with XPUB1 

Location online: https://issue.xpub.nl/16/Location in person: Varia, Rotterdam (Gouwstraat 3)

With Varia: http://varia.zone/double-launch-si16-and-vernaculars-come-to-matter.html (NL)

http://varia.zone/en/double-launch-si16-and-vernaculars-come-to-matter.html (EN)

XPUB (the Experimental Publishing master from Piet Zwart Institute, Willem de Kooning Academy) welcomes you to the Special Issue 16 on vernacular language processing: Learning How to Walk while Catwalking. 

Our Special Issue is a toolkit to mess around with language. We want to legitimize failures and amatorial practices by proposing a more vernacular understanding of language through these tools.

We decided to release the Special Issue 16 toolkit in the form of an API (Application Programming Interface). APIs organise and serve data on the Internet; what is not always evident is that they facilitate exchange of information following mainly commercial purposes. However, our API is an attempt at a more critical and vernacular (personal) approach to such model of distribution.

Do you want to talk with us about it in person or would you rather try-out the toolkit online? No problem!

ONLINE: From 13.00 to 17.00, the website of our Special Issue 16 will go on EVENT-MODE: special content will be available ON-THAT-DAY-ONLY™ giving you more insight on our process. You are welcome to navigate our tools from wherever you are in the Whole Wide World. From 16:00 to 17:00, there will be an online chat where you can ask us questions.

IN PERSON: From 13.00 to 17.00, join us IRL at Varia for some experimental street get together. Due to the current COVID-19 regulations, XPUB and Varia cannot welcome you inside, but we are happy to meet with you at safe distance on the streets and share a warm drink and some snacks. Hand sanitizers will be made available on site. Please be mindful of your well-being and others’ and stay home if you are sick or present one or more of the corona symptoms. We are required to run this activity as a 2G event, so we kindly ask you to show a coronavirus entry pass at the entrance, in accordance with the COVID-19 regulations of the Dutch government and Hogeschool Rotterdam.

This Special Issue was created by Gersande Schellinx, Mitsa (Dimitra Chaida), Erica Gargaglione, Kamo (Francesco Luzzana), Chaeyoung Kim, Emma Prato, Myriam Schöb, Supisara Burapachaisri, Jian Haake, Ål Nik (Alexandra Nikolova), Kimberley Cosmilla, Carmen Gray in collaboration with Experimental Publishing (XPUB) staff.

(((((((((((((((((((((0)))))))))))))))))))))

For more information about the Varia publication Vernaculars come to matter and online launch follow the links above

Date: Friday, 17 DecemberTime: 19:00-20:30 CETLocation: https://stream.vvvvvvaria.org/

Double publication launch: Learning How to Walk While Catwalking [XUB] and Vernaculars come to matter [Varia] Program: Friday 17 December... Lees verder

Vormgeving duurzame interacties Karla de Witte & expert Femke van Gemert

Karla de Witte ontwerpt objecten en ervaringen om duurzame interacties in gang te zetten. Met bewoners en dienstverlenende organisaties onderzoekt zij hoe persoonlijke vormgeving hierbij een rol kan spelen. Door co-sessies en experimentele interacties in de dagelijkse praktijk ontstaat inzicht over wederkerigheid en eigenaarschap.

Waste-textile artist Femke van Gemert is uitgenodigd als expertgast voor deze lezing. Van Gemert, aanvankelijk ontwerper in de modeindustrie, maakt monumentale kunstobjecten van textielafval. Met haar objecten spiegelt zij onze niet duurzame relatie met kleding en het immense afval dat we hiermee creëren.

Hoe geef je vorm aan de gevolgen, van een niet duurzame relatie? En wat kan je hiervan leren bij het vormgeven van een duurzame relatie. Wie nemen hierbij deel aan het ontwerpproces?En wat kan crafting (handwerk) hier betekenen?

www.femkevangemert.nl | www.studiodewitte.nl

Link: https://hogeschoolrotterdam.zoom.us/j/94692499844?pwd=WUpwYWlTRGcvOE9abFdoeHdJdnlXZz09 Meeting ID: 946 9249 9844Passcode: 452608

Vormgeving duurzame interacties Karla de Witte & expert Femke van Gemert Karla de Witte ontwerpt objecten en ervaringen om duurzame... Lees verder